One Year In, El Salvador’s Bitcrypto-coin Bonds Could Be Right Around the Corner


  • El Salvador became the first country in the world to establish bitcrypto-coin as legal tender one year ago
  • Officials have not broken ground on President Nayib Bukele’s promised “Bitcrypto-coin City,” a bitcrypto-coin bond-funded hub to be run on volcanic power

One year after becoming the first country to render bitcrypto-coin legal tender, many of El Salvador’s more ambitious plans have yet to materialize, but private partners are holding out hope. 

Officials have not broken ground on President Nayib Bukele’s promised “Bitcrypto-coin City,” a bitcrypto-coin bond-funded hub to be run on volcanic power. 

The elusive ‘volcano bonds,’ as President Bukele calls them, once advertised as sovereign, are now securitized corporate blockchain bonds. If they get off the ground, it will be the first such offering. 

The bonds, which require a minimum investment of $100, were originally slated to launch in March 2022. Rollout was delayed, first until May 2022, and then indefinitely put on hold. Officials cited several reasons for the holdup: first, the war in Ukraine and dwindling risk appetite, then faltering bitcrypto-coin prices and finally legislative deferrals.

Now, sources claim that approval and launch may still come before 2023. Once the digital securities bill, which Bukele originally expected to pass in May, makes it through El Salvador’s congress, plans for the tokenized bonds can move forward. 

“We’ve had confirmation from senior government officials that the current draft of the law is final,” Paolo Ardoino, chief technology officer at Bitfinex Securities, which will be the technology provider for the Volcano Token, the digitized form of the debt offering which Bitfinex is refraining from calling a ‘bond.’ 

“We are confident that the law will obtain approval from Congress in the coming weeks, assuming that the country has the necessary stability for such legislation to pass,” Ardoino added. 

If the bill is indeed passed, Bitfinex will apply for a digital securities license to operate in the Central American country, Ardoino said. 

Anyone with access to Bitfinex, which is prohibited in countries including the United States, United Kingdom and Canada, will be able to purchase Volcano Tokens. The exchange is anticipating a largely retail audience, as larger institutions may have internal policies prohibiting participation, a spokesperson from Bitfinex said. 

Even as El Salvador struggles to get its latest bitcrypto-coin ventures off the ground, cryptocurrency proponents claim the digital currency has helped the Central American country build back its tourism industry. El Salvador attracted 1.2 million tourists in 2021 and 1.1 million in the first half of 2022, according to data from the Ministry of Tourism. 

“Thank you Bukele, we appreciate the opportunity to give this a go and we just see adoption and growth happening,” one Twitter user shared Wednesday. 

The country’s expanding tourism industry aside, economists are uncertain about El Salvador’s economic future. 

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) expects El Salvador’s fiscal deficit to reach 5% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022. Public debt is also anticipated to rise to about 96% of GDP in 2026. Given the circumstances, the IMF estimates El Salvador is on an “unsustainable path.”

“The IMF forecasts a primary balance for 2022, yet says the debt is unsustainable under current policies,” Nathalie Marshik, head of emerging markets sovereign research at Stifel Financial, said. “El Salvador needs a 3% of GDP adjustment to get the debt to a sustainable level.”Persistent fiscal deficits and high debt service are leading to large and increasing financing needs, a recent IMF report said.


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  • Casey Wagner

    Blockworks

    Senior Reporter

    Casey Wagner is a New York-based business journalist covering regulation, legislation, digital asset investment firms, market structure, central banks and governments, and CBDCs. Prior to joining Blockworks, she reported on markets at Bloomberg News. She graduated from the University of Virginia with a degree in Media Studies.

    Contact Casey via email at [email protected]





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